Plants and plant products of any species including plant germplasms are restricted from entry into Bhutan by its laws. This ensures that the biosecurity risk to Bhutan’s agricultural industries and unique environment is minimized.
Prior permission must be obtained from BAFRA to import any plant or their products including plant germplasms.
While at the entry point, the importer must declare these imported plants or their products to BAFRA officials on duty along with relevant documents who would check and determine whether they can be allowed into Bhutan.
Some products may require treatment to make them safe. Other items may be restricted due to pest and disease risks.
The plants and their products that you find in Bhutan are being subjected to regular surveillance for pest and disease outbreaks. Similar items that are purchased overseas could carry biosecurity pest or disease risks and hence, cannot be imported without prior permission from BAFRA.
Upon receipt of the request to import the plant and their products into the country, BAFRA conducts import risk assessment. If the biosecurity risk is minimal, import is authorized but with certain conditions viz. the need for the phytosanitary certificate issued by the competent authority of the exporting country. If the biosecurity risk is high, requests for import of plants and their products is denied.
Export of endangered or protected species of plant and their products from Bhutan is restricted. Otherwise, each country has specific requirements as to items that are allowed to be imported. For further information you should contact the relevant country’s quarantine office.
Raising and import of following species has been totally banned in the country as per Plant quarantine rule 2003 and executive order No. SEC/MoAF/DoFPs/Ptn/1-1/2017-2018/261 dated 26th March,2018
The list of totally protected species for export are;
Eagle wood/ Indian aloe wood
Pang –gen metog
Snow down lily
Panx Pseudo ginseng
The above list is totally protected species as per the forest and nature conservation Act 1995.
Fees for issuing import permit and certificates are
Name of Permit/Certificate
Import permit (commercial purposes)
Import permit (personal purposes)
Import permit for agrochemicals (commercials purposes)
Phytosanitary certificate (commercial)
Phytosanitary certificate (Personal)
In country movement permit (commercial and personal)
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The Biosafety requirements are implemented as per the Biosafety Act of Bhutan 2015, and Biosafety Rules and Regulations 2018. The objectives of this Act is to protect, conserve and safeguard the biodiversity of Bhutan and also to promote the nation’s food and nutrition security and safeguard the animals and human health from unintended effect of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO). Read More…
Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority, Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, Post Box: 1071,
Thimphu, Bhutan, Tel: +975-02-327031/325790 Fax: +975-02-327032/335540